KigomaRegion is located in Western part of Tanzania between latitudes 3.6° and 6.5° degrees south and longitudes 29.5° and 31.5° degrees east along the shores of Lake Tanganyika, the second deepest fresh water lake in the world. The capital municipality, which draws its name from the regional name Kigoma, is closely linked with Ujiji. It has a wonderful natural beauty, nestled under the hills of the western arm of the Great Rift Valley on the edge of the Lake. In the wet season the place is especially spectacular, with its emerald green and clear sparkling water. The region encompasses an area of 45,075 Sq. km. of which 8,552 Sq. km. are covered by water.
Administratively, the region is divided into six districts, namely Buhigwe, Kakonko, Kasulu, Kibondo, Kigoma, and Uvinza. Whereby, Kigoma/Ujiji is a municipality and lake port in western Tanzania, on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika. It serves as the capital for the Kigoma Region and a trade hub of the Great Lakes Region. The Region borders with Burundi, Democratic of Congo (DRC) and Zambia. Kigoma is the busiest ports on Lake Tanganyika. It is the terminus of the railroad from Dar-es-Salaam and is connected by ship with Congo (Kinshasa) and Burundi. Since the Slave and Ivory trade it has continued to be the only one that had a direct track link and functioning railway connection to the seaport at Dar-es-Salaam. The Railway line run from Kigoma to the port of Dar-es-Salaam on the Indian Ocean coast via Tabora and Dodoma. It was completed in 1915 when Kigoma was part of German East Africa.
Kigoma/Ujiji comprises two small towns (Kigoma and Ujiji) with different historical backgrounds. Ujiji is the oldest town in western Tanzania, a suburb of Kigoma Municipality, on Lake Tanganyika, located about 6 miles (10 km) south of Kigoma. Ujiji was an important settlement of Arab and Swahili ivory and slave traders between 1850 and 1890. It is the place where Richard Burton and John Speke first reached the shore of Lake Tanganyika in 1858. It is also the site of the famous meeting on October 28, 1871 when Henry Stanley found Dr. David Livingstone, and reputedly uttered the famous words "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"